This week at ASMI’s Balanced Scorecard Masters Conference I gave a talk entitled “Performance Alignment: Cascading Enterprise Strategy Throughout the Organization.” For those of you who may not be familiar with the concept of cascading, it’s a formal method for achieving alignment throughout an organization. Cascading isn’t the only possibility: all employee phone calls, status meetings, off-sites, and executive mandates are all used to improve alignment. What makes cascading different is that it explicitly attempts to connect strategy to operations to tactics. Said another way, cascading tries to formalize the concept of middle management.
I used the metaphor of a honeycomb to describe a connected and aligned organization. Every group and individual creates connections to the people above them, below them, and at the same level as they are. Like a honeycomb, the connections don’t have to start from the top but rather grow organically from the middle out. The key is to find the appropriate “queen bee” with the visibility, clout, and evangelism to seed the process.
An individual has four options when creating a formal link to an objective or a measure. They can be identical, contributory, shared, or unique. As a simple example, a sales organization is likely to cascade identical objectives and measures to the Western, Eastern, and Central regions. The Western region, in turn, would cascade identically to Northern CA, WA/OR, and Southern CA. The objectives and measure definitions might be the same but the target values are likely different – the Eastern region might have a $200M target while the Western region only needs to sell $150M.
On the other hand, consider an organization with a corporate objective based on service level agreements that uses a key performance indicator such as “% time meet delivery promise”. This objective and measure might be cascaded identically to the distribution organization but, when applied to the call center, the objective could be changed to reduce wait time and the KPI changed to average hold time. The call center contributes to the corporate objective but doesn’t use identical goals or measures.
In a later post, I’ll provide a more detailed example of how this works for an anonymous manufacturer. Cascading strategy to increase alignment isn’t always easy but the results are as sweet as honey.
I would recommend everyone to learn from a proven executive in performance management and the balanced scorecard. check out the courses at the Global Strategic Management Institute. http://www.gsmiweb.com
Luke, good to hear from you. Glad to know you consider me a “proven executive”. It’s the old adage: In theory, there is no difference between practice and theory. In practice, they are very different.
Honeycomb is an apt image for a connected and aligned organization. The more point of mutually beneficial contact the greater the chance that people can provide smarter, swifter support and information.
That capacity to be in sync can deepen camaraderie and heighten collective and individual performance – a spiral up into greater coherence and congruence, rather than down conflict.
And cascading strategies, as Jonathan characterizes it here, can reinforce congruence in messaging and actions. That forms the reliably firm ground upon which trust and understanding begins and grows.
One important result in this increasingly complex world is that honeycomb organizations can easily identify the best ‘queen bee” because of she/he naturally becomes visible as the most vital connector. She/he is probably T-shaped as Morten Hansen labeled such folks in Collaboration.
Hint: a mutuality mindset multiplies opportunities for all of us to use our best talents together more often, with and for each other